Artificial intelligence is the engineering and science of making machines intelligent. This definition is particularly relevant to computer programs, which are used across the aerospace, biomedical, manufacturing and other industries. Its variety of applications makes the field of AI very appealing to enthusiasts of computer science and research technology. It also means that there is a wide range of jobs available.
Aerospace Engineering and Operations Technicians
Employers are more likely to consider graduates for aerospace engineering and operations technicians jobs if they have an associate’s degree. These technicians maintain and operate the equipment that aerospace companies and programs use to test new aircraft and spacecraft. The equipment maintenance might involve programming the computer simulations that assess new designs. Additionally, they perform quality assurance and testing on the advanced technologies that are used to produce aircraft and on the software systems that are installed in aircraft. Some aerospace engineering and operations technicians specialize in the application of AI to software systems for the purpose of improving safety.
A bachelor’s degree in computer science is generally required for software developers, and they must have strong programming skills. These workers usually specialize in one of two areas: applications or systems software. As applications software developers, they design computer programs such as video games and word processors. The software may be sold commercially or developed specifically for one client. As systems software developers, they make the systems that ensure the proper function of devices, such as operating systems for computers or smartphones. These systems could be built into specific devices or sold separately. Systems software developers often build the interface as well. Either specialty may incorporate AI so that their programs can anticipate users’ needs or provide human-like responses to user actions.
Most of the time, graduates need a bachelor’s degree in computer science or a similar field to obtain jobs as computer programmers. This role is close to that of a systems software developer, and sometimes the duties are the same. Computer programmers create and test the codes that make computer programs run correctly. What makes them different from a developer is that they take designs from developers and engineers and turn them into instructions for devices to follow. They are responsible for ensuring that new programs generate the envisioned results. Computer programmers review the codes for errors when the programs don’t work as anticipated and then fix the problem. Their use of AI in these programs might be similar to that of software developers.
To enter the field of biomedical engineering, graduates generally need a bachelor’s degree in bioengineering or biomedical engineering. Biomedical engineers integrate engineering principles with biological and medical sciences to create computer systems, devices, instruments and software for the health care industry. There are several specialties within this field. Bioinstrumentation involves the development of diagnostic and treatment devices; biomaterials involves the study of materials that are used for implantation or in medical devices; and clinical engineering involves the application of technology to enhance how health care is delivered. In these and other specialties, biomedical engineers could utilize AI concepts to health care devices, instruments and software to anticipate patient needs.
Computer and Information Research Scientists
A doctorate in computer science or a similar subject is typically needed to be a computer and information research scientist. This career is comprised of designing and inventing new methods of computing technology and finding ingenious new uses for current technology. Computer and information research scientists often simplify complex algorithms to improve the efficiency of computer systems, which allows for advancements in technology such as cloud computing and machine learning. Some of these individuals become postsecondary teachers and focus on computer theory research, while others choose a specialty such as data mining, programming or robotics. They may use their skills to improve upon existing AI technology or to create new AI systems.
Artificial intelligence can be integrated into software or systems to advance the health care industry, improve the overall enjoyment of gaming or upgrade existing robotics technology. Most AI-related jobs require an associate’s degree or a bachelor’s degree, but career advancement and higher pay are available to graduates with master’s or doctorate degrees.