Courses in an IT Degree Program
• Basic Computer Applications
• Information Technology
• Principles of System Analysis and Design
• Networking Foundations
• Database Management Systems
The courses offered in an IT degree program prepare students for careers in both computer and information technology. Students learn about information technology, computer security, networking, information systems management, cybersecurity and more. The field of computer and information technology not only offers excellent career opportunities but also offers training programs at all degree levels from associate to master’s or doctoral degrees. Upon graduating from an IT degree program, the individual will be prepared to seek many computer and IT jobs. Here are 5 courses often found in IT degree programs.
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1. Basic Computer Operations
The Basic Computer Operations course is required in almost all computer and IT-related degree programs because it teaches students the basics about operating a computer and becoming familiar with computer software, computer hardware, operating systems, and basic computer programs. There is little if any written assignments as this course is a hands-on laboratory course. Students learn about word processing, electronic mail, electronic spreadsheets, Window-based operating systems, microcomputers, computerized library skills, and the World Wide Web.
2. Information Technology
The information technology course is a vital part of any IT degree program because it covers a wide range of topics. Students gain a strong knowledge of computer concepts and the important skills needed to work in our computerized world today. Students learn about computer hardware, the various operating systems, input/output systems, video editing software, desktop publishing, digital animation, 3D design, software applications, cybersecurity, and computer programming. The course also teaches students to work with Microsoft Office, which includes developing, word processing, spreadsheet and presentation skills. They also learn to use Microsoft Outlook and database management systems.
3. Principles of System Analysis and Design
The Principles of System Analysis and Design offers students an introduction and understanding of systems analysis and design and teaches them about traditional techniques such as forms design and interviewing. They also learn about the latest structured analysis tools being used today. The course helps students familiarize themselves with an organization’s processes, goals, and operations. Main topics in this course include object-oriented approaches; approaches to systems development; designing user and system interfaces; analyzing, modeling and evaluating requirements; database design; management of resources, risks and time, and the information analyst’s role in an office setting.
4. Networking Foundations
The Networking Foundations course gives students a basic understanding of networking fundamentals, which is paramount for IT professionals. Students learn the difference between TCP/IP and OSI models while also becoming familiar with networking devices like hubs, NICs, routers, and switches. Topics included in this course include network security, layers in the TCP/IP models; exploring WLANs, LANs and PANs, and different layers of an OSI model. Students also learn the difference between point-to-point networks and point-to-multipoint networks.
5. Database Management Systems
This course provides students with a basic knowledge of database concepts. This is also a hands-on course that gives students practical experience in creating, editing and managing a database system. They also learn to design data models and use SQL to interface with both desktop DBMS and multi-user DBMS packages. The program also includes an in-depth study of information concepts and how they relate to a relational data model. Students will also know the terminology, characteristics, and classifications embodied in database systems. At the end of the course, the student will be able to create and manage a database system, which is vital for anyone working in the IT field.
Computer and information technology occupations are expected to grow by 13% during the decade of 2016-2026 as reported by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, which should result in about 557,100 new IT jobs created by 2026. Mastering IT courses and completing an IT degree program can open many doors for aspiring IT professionals.