What is cognitive architecture? It’s a concept that everyone from psychologists and educators to linguists and AI researchers use every day in their work, and it’s one that is at work within every human being on the planet. But for some professionals, the definition and goal of cognitive architecture can get muddled depending on their field, so here’s a quick primer on the concept, the goal, and its implications.
In current research and academic circles, cognitive architecture is loosely defined as the theory of the human mind and its structure; this includes learning, performance, and problem-solving skills. However, this is not the only definition ascribed to the term. Artificial Intelligence researchers are also using the term to define their work hypotheses about fixed structures that are found in artificial systems and how they work together with learning technologies. Another definition is that cognitive architecture is a theoretical framework that contains core constraints that are independent of each other but that are consistent across a variety of tasks and timelines.
The Goal of Cognitive Architecture
Depending on the field of a researcher or professional, the goal of this kind of architecture can vary. Academic researchers working in education and psychology often use cognitive architectures to understand the process of learning, such as how multimedia learning is changing the face of learning in public and private schools. Psychologists have a goal of using these architectures to understand how memory organization and problem-solving can work with individuals that have mental handicaps or mental disorders. AI researchers, on the other hand, are creating cognitive architectures in the hopes that it will solidify the learning capabilities within intelligent artificial agents.
Implications for Education and Psychology
Cognitive architectures are the building blocks of learning and the human mind; therefore, the study of this concept is incredibly important for researchers. As the world begins to utilize more technology in the fields of education and psychology, it’s important to understand the dynamics between technology and the human mind. Cognitive architectures are critical in this respect and have been the basis for most psychological studies of programming. Education as well is benefiting from cognitive architectures; there are several companies and apps built on this architecture, most often in the field of memory and retention of complex ideas and concepts.
Implications on Artificial Intelligence
Interestingly, cognitive architecture seems to be the foundation for the newest advancements in artificial intelligence. This is because humans have flawed and complex learning systems; in order to build AI that is capable of learning on its own, researchers are using cognitive architectures to not only guide AI, but also to study a human’s limitations in terms of learning, problem-solving, analyzing, and other areas critical to the success of a sentient AI agent. While this is an unfolding aspect in AI, it is no doubt growing to be an incredible research topic within the field.
The idea of cognitive architectures may seem foreign to many of us, but the fact that it can be boiled down to a theoretical structure that offers a window into the human mind is incredible. It is also an amazing addition to education, technology, and psychology, and it is clear that scientists have yet to understand the totality of what this concept could mean to humankind. Now that we’ve answered the question, what is cognitive architecture, the next question ought to be, how many more fields can we utilize this concept in and see significant results?